Amitabh Bachchan is an Indian film actor, film producer, television host, occasional playback singer and former politician. He is regarded as one of the greatest and most influential actors in the history of Indian cinema. During the 1970s–1980s, he was the most dominant actor in the Indian movie scene; the French director François Truffaut called him a “one-man industry”.
Bachchan was born in 1942 in Allahabad to the Hindi poet Harivansh Rai Bachchan and his wife, the social activist Teji Bachchan. He was educated at Sherwood College, Nainital, and Kirori Mal College, University of Delhi. His film career started in 1969 as a voice narrator in Mrinal Sens film Bhuvan Shome. He first gained popularity in the early 1970s for films such as Zanjeer, Deewaar and Sholay, and was dubbed Indias “angry young man” for his on-screen roles in Hindi films. Referred to as the Shahenshah of Bollywood (in reference to his 1988 film Shahenshah), Sadi ka Mahanayak (Hindi for, “Greatest actor of the century”), Star of the Millennium, or Big B, he has since appeared in over 200 Indian films in a career spanning more than five decades, and has won numerous accolades in his career, including four National Film Awards as Best Actor, Dadasaheb Phalke Award as lifetime achievement award and many awards at international film festivals and award ceremonies. He has won sixteen Filmfare Awards and is the most nominated performer in any major acting category at Filmfare, with forty two nominations overall. additionally to acting, Bachchan has worked as a playback singer, movie maker and tv presenter. He has hosted many seasons of the sport show Kaun Banega Crorepati, Indias version of the game show franchise, Who desires to Be a Millionaire?. He additionally entered politics for a time within the 1980s.
The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Shri in 1984, the Padma Bhushan in 2001 and the Padma Vibhushan in 2015 for his contributions to the arts. The Government of France honoured him with its highest civilian honour, Knight of the Legion of honour, in 2007 for his exceptional career in the world of cinema and beyond. Bachchan also created associate look in a very Hollywood film, Baz Luhrmanns The nice Gatsby (2013), during which he compete a non-Indian person character, Meyer Wolfsheim.
Beyond the Indian subcontinent, he nonheritable an outsized overseas following of the South Asian diaspora, additionally as others, in markets including Africa (South Africa, Eastern Africa and Mauritius), the Middle East (especially UAE and Egypt), the United Kingdom, Russia, the Caribbean (Guyana, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago), Oceanica (Fiji, Australia, and New Zealand) and the United States.
- 1Early life
- 2Acting career
- 3Other work
- 4Personal life
- 6Awards, honours and legacy
- 7See also
- 9Further reading
- 10External links
Further information: Bachchan family
Bachchan was born on eleven Oct 1942 in Allahabad to the Hindi poet Harivansh Rai Bachchan, and social activist Teji Bachchan. Harivansh Rai Bachchan was an Awadhi Hindu Kayastha, who was fluent in Awadhi, Hindi and Urdu. Harivanshs ancestors came from a village called Babupatti, in the Raniganj tehsil, in the Pratapgarh district, in the present-day state of Uttar Pradesh, in India. Teji Bachchan was a Punjabi Sikh Khatri from Lyallpur, Punjab, British India (present-day Punjab, Pakistan). Bachchan has a younger brother, Ajitabh.
Bachchan was initially named Inquilaab (Hindustani for “Revolution”), inspired by the phrase Inquilab Zindabad (which translates into English as “Long live the revolution”) popularly used during the Indian independence struggle. However, at the suggestion of fellow poet Sumitranandan Pant, Harivansh Rai changed the boys name to Amitabh, which, according to a The Times of India article, means “the light that will never die”. Although his surname was Shrivastava, Amitabhs father, who opposed the caste system, had adopted the pen name Bachchan (“child-like” in colloquial Hindi), under which he published all of his works. When his father was looking to get him admitted to a school, he and Bachchans mother decided the familys name should be Bachchan instead of Shrivastava. It is with this last name that Amitabh debuted in films and used for all other practical purposes, Bachchan has become the surname for all of his immediate family. Bachchans father died in 2003, and his mother in 2007.
Bachchan was educated at Boys’ High School & College, Allahabad; Sherwood College, Nainital; and Kirori Mal College, University of Delhi. When Bachchan finished his studies his father approached Prithviraj Kapoor, the founder of Prithvi Theatre, to see if there was an opening for him, but Kapoor “offered no encouragement”. Bachchan then applied for a role as a newsreader for All India Radio, but “failed the audition”. He became a business executive for Bird & Company in Kolkata (Calcutta), and worked in the theatre before starting his film career. It is thought that his mother might have had some influence in Amitabh Bachchans choice of career because she always insisted that he should “take centre stage”.
Early career (1969–1972)
Bachchan made his film debut in 1969, as a voice narrator in Mrinal Sens National Award-winning film Bhuvan Shome. His initial acting role was united of the seven protagonists within the film Saat Hindustani, directed by Khwaja Ahmad Abbas and featuring Utpal Dutt, Anwar Ali (brother of comedian Mehmood), Madhu and Jalal Agha.
Anand (1971) followed, during which Bachchan asterisked alongside Rajesh Khanna. His role as a doctor with a misanthropical read of life garnered Bachchan his first Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor. He then compete his first antagonist role as a fanatical lover-turned-murderer in Parwana (1971). Following Parwana were many films including Reshma Aur Shera (1971). throughout this time, he created a guest look in the film Guddi which starred his future spouse Jaya Bhaduri. He narrated a part of the film Bawarchi. In 1972, he made an appearance in the road action comedy Bombay to Goa directed by S. Ramanathan which was moderately successful. Many of Bachchans films during this early period did not do well. His only film with Mala Sinha, Sanjog (1972) was also a box office failure.
Rise to stardom (1973–1974)
Bachchan in his younger days
Bachchan was struggling, seen as a “failed newcomer” who, by the age of 30, had twelve flops and only two hits (as a lead in Bombay to Goa and supporting role in Anand). Bachchan was soon discovered by screenwriter duo Salim–Javed, consisting of Salim Khan and Javed Akhtar. Salim Khan wrote the story, screenplay and script of Zanjeer (1973), and conceived the “angry young man” persona of the lead role. Javed Akhtar came on board as co-writer, and Prakash Mehra, who saw the script as potentially groundbreaking, as the films director. However, they were struggling to find an actor for the lead “angry young man” role; it was turned down by a number of actors, owing to it going against the “romantic hero” image dominant in the industry at the time. Salim-Javed soon discovered Bachchan and “saw his talent, which most makers didnt. He was exceptional, a genius actor who was in films that werent good.” According to Salim Khan, they “strongly felt that Amitabh was the ideal casting for Zanjeer“. Salim Khan introduced Bachchan to Prakash Mehra, and Salim-Javed insisted that Bachchan be cast for the role.
Zanjeer was a crime film with violent action, in sharp contrast to the romantically themed films that had generally preceded it, and it established Amitabh in a new persona—the “angry young man” of Bollywood cinema. He earned his first Filmfare Award nomination for Best Actor, with Filmfare later considering this one of the most iconic performances of Bollywood history. The film was a huge success and one of the highest-grossing films of that year, breaking Bachchans dry spell at the box office and making him a star. It was the first of many collaborations between Salim-Javed and Amitabh Bachchan; Salim-Javed wrote many of their subsequent scripts with Bachchan in mind for the lead role, and insisted on him being forged for his or her later films, as well as blockbusters cherish Deewaar (1975) and Sholay (1975). Salim Khan additionally introduced Bachchan to director Manmohan Desai with whom he fashioned a protracted and undefeated association, aboard Prakash Mehra and Yash Chopra.
Eventually, Bachchan became one among the foremost successful leading men of the film industry. Bachchans portrayal of the wronged hero fighting a crooked system and circumstances of deprivation in films like Zanjeer, Deeewar, Trishul, Kaala Patthar and Shakti resonated with the plenty of the time, particularly the youth who harboured a preparation discontent thanks to social ills such as poverty, hunger, unemployment, corruption, social inequality and the brutal excesses of The Emergency. This led to Bachchan being dubbed as the “angry young man”, a journalistic catchphrase which became a metaphor for the dormant rage, frustration, restlessness, sense of rebellion and anti-establishment disposition of an entire generation, prevalent in 1970s India.
The year 1973 was also when he married Jaya, and around this time they appeared in several films together: not only Zanjeer but also subsequent films such as Abhimaan, which was released only a month after their marriage and was also successful at the box office. Later, Bachchan played the role of Vikram, once again along with Rajesh Khanna, in the film Namak Haraam, a social drama directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee and written by Biresh Chatterjee addressing themes of friendship. His supporting role won him his second Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor.
In 1974, Bachchan created many guest appearances in films such as Kunwara Baap and Dost, before enjoying a supporting role in Roti Kapda Aur Makaan. The film, directed and written by Manoj Kumar, self-addressed themes of honesty within the face of oppression and money and emotional hardship and was the top-earning film of 1974. Bachchan then compete the leading role in the film Majboor. The film was successful at the box office.
In 1975, he asterisked in a very type of film genres, from the comedy Chupke Chupke and the crime drama Faraar to the romantic drama Mili. This was additionally the year during which Bachchan asterisked in 2 films thought to be vital in Hindi cinema history, each written by Salim-Javed, who once more insisted on casting Bachchan. The initial was Deewaar, directed by Yash Chopra, wherever he worked with Shashi Kapoor, Nirupa Roy, Parveen Babi, and Neetu Singh, and earned another Filmfare nomination for Best Actor. The film became a serious hit at the box workplace in 1975, ranking in at range four. Indiatimes Movies ranks Deewaar amongst the Top twenty five should See Bollywood Films. The other, discharged on fifteen August 1975, was Sholay, which became the highest-grossing film ever in India at the time, in which Bachchan played the role of Jaidev. Deewaar and Sholay are often credited with exalting Bachchan to the heights of superstardom, two years after he became a star with Zanjeer, and consolidating his domination of the industry throughout the 1970s and 1980s. In 1999, BBC India declared Sholay the “Film of the Millennium” and, like Deewar, it has been cited by Indiatimes Movies as amongst the Top 25 Must See Bollywood Films. In that same year, the judges of the 50th annual Filmfare Awards awarded it with the special distinction award called the Filmfare Best Film of 50 Years.
In 1976, he was cast by Yash Chopra in the romantic family drama Kabhie Kabhie. Bachchan starred as a young poet, Amit Malhotra, who falls deeply in love with a beautiful young girl named Pooja (Rakhee Gulzar) who ends up marrying someone else (Shashi Kapoor). The film was notable for portraying Bachchan as a romantic hero, a far cry from his “angry young man” roles like Zanjeer and Deewar. The film evoked a favourable response from critics and audiences alike. Bachchan was again nominated for the Filmfare Best Actor Award for his role in the film. That same year he played a double role in the hit Adalat as father and son. In 1977, he won his first Filmfare Best Actor Award for his performance in Amar Akbar Anthony, during which he compete the third lead opposite Vinod Khanna and Rishi Hindu deitypoor as Anthony Gonsalves. The film was the highest-grossing film of that year. His alternative successes that year include Parvarish and Khoon Pasina.
He once more resumed double roles in films such as Kasme Vaade (1978) as Amit associated Shankar and Don (1978) enjoying the characters of Don, a frontrunner of an underworld gang and his look-alike Vijay. His performance won him his second Filmfare Best Actor Award. He additionally gave lofty performances in Yash Chopras Trishul and Prakash Mehras Muqaddar Ka Sikandar both of which earned him more Filmfare Best Actor nominations. 1978 is arguably thought-about his most undefeated year at the box workplace since all of his six releases an equivalent year, namely Muqaddar Hindu deity Sikandar, Trishul, Don, Kasme Vaade, Ganga Ki Saugandh and Besharam were huge successes, the previous 3 being the consecutive highest-grossing films of the year, remarkably emotional within a month of every other, a rare effort in Indian cinema.
In 1979, Bachchan asterisked in Suhaag which was the best earning film of that year. within the same year he additionally enjoyed important acclaim and industrial success with films like Mr. Natwarlal, Kaala Patthar, The nice Gambler and Manzil. Amitabh was needed to use his voice for the primary time in a very song from the film Mr. Natwarlal in that he starred with Rekha. Bachchans performance within the film saw him appointive for each the Filmfare Best Actor Award and the Filmfare Award for Best Male Playback Singer. He additionally received Best Actor nomination for Kaala Patthar and then went on to be nominated once more in 1980 for the Raj Khosla directed film Dostana, during which he asterisked opposite Shatrughan Sinha and Zeenat Aman. Dostana proved to be the top-grossing film of 1980. In 1981, he starred in Yash Chopras comedy film Silsila, wherever he starred aboard his spouse Jaya and also Rekha. alternative undefeated films of this era include Shaan (1980), Ram Balram (1980), Naseeb (1981), Lawaaris (1981), Kaalia (1981), Yaarana (1981), Barsaat Ki Ek Raat (1981) and Shakti (1982), also starring Dilip Kumar.
In 1982, he compete double roles in the musical Satte letter Satta and action drama Desh Premee which succeeded at the box workplace in conjunction with mega hits like action comedy Namak Halaal, action drama Khud-Daar and the critically acclaimed drama Bemisal. In 1983, he compete a triple role in Mahaan which wasn’t as undefeated as his previous films. Other releases throughout that year included Nastik and Pukar which were hits and Andha Kanoon (in that he had an extended guest appearance) was a median grosser. During a stint in politics from 1984 to 1987, his completed films Mard (1985) and Aakhree Raasta (1986) were discharged and were major hits.
On twenty six July 1982, whereas cinematography a fight scene with co-actor Puneet Issar for Coolie, Bachchan suffered a near-fatal internal organ injury. Bachchan was performing arts his own stunts within the film and one scene required him to fall onto a table so on the ground. However, as he jumped towards the table, the corner of the table affected his abdomen, leading to a splenic rupture from that he lost a big quantity of blood. He needed associate emergency splenectomy and remained critically sick in hospital for several months, now and then near to death. there have been long queues of well-wishing fans outside the hospital wherever he was recuperating; the general public response enclosed prayers in temples and offers to sacrifice limbs to avoid wasting him. Nevertheless, he resumed cinematography later that year once a protracted amount of recuperation. The director, Manmohan Desai, altered the ending of Coolie: Bachchans character was originally meant to own been killed off; but, once the amendment of script, the character lived within the end. Desai felt it might are inappropriate for the person who had simply fended off death in real world to be killed on screen. The footage of the fight scene is frozen at the important moment, and a caption seems onscreen marking it because the instant of the actors injury. The film was discharged in 1983, and partially thanks to the large subject matter of Bachchans accident, the film was a box workplace success and also the top-grossing film of that year.